The Neolithic settlement of Choirokoitia is an archaeological landmark which bears witness to a fascinating worldview that prevailed about 9000 years ago. It is located about 30 minutes from Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaka and its convenient location provides easy access to the Island’s natural, cultural and tourist attractions.
Choirokoitia constitutes the most impressive example of the initial establishment of sedentary communities on the island and the development of an original civilisation: the Cypriot Aceramic Neolithic. These communities originated from the neighbouring mainland and settled in Cyprus at the end of the 7th millennium B.C. bringing with them plants and animals unknown until then to Cyprus. The inhabitants of Choirokoitia used diabase, a hard stone, for the manufacturing of stone vessels, which constitute a particular characteristic of the Cypriote Aceramic Neolithic. The brilliant civilisation vanished suddenly, and no adequate explanation has been given regarding its disappearance.
Five characteristic cylindrical shaped dwellings have been reconstructed near the settlement, using the same construction methods and materials used in Neolithic times. The dwellings are fitted with replicas of household objects found inside the original dwellings, thus providing a vivid representation of how they actually were in the past. The vegetation around the dwellings consists of native plants and trees that have grown in Cyprus since Neolithic times.
In December 1998 the site was listed as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage site.