A new study was published in the Science Nature Survey, demonstrating the close genetic relationship of the Minoans with the Mycenaeans with modern Greeks. The findings of the study were derived from the analysis of the 19 ancient human genomes originating in mainland Greece, Crete and southwestern Asia Minor and their comparison with 330 ancient and more than 2,500 modern genomes present in databases.
In particular, the study demonstrates that Minoans, Mycenaeans, and modern Greeks are very similar to each other without being identical. As for their origins, it seems that both the Minoans and the Mycenaeans originate mainly from the first Neolithic agricultural populations of Greece and Western Anatolia, but they have also received an addition from eastern populations similar to the ancient inhabitants of Caucasus, Armenia and Iran, demonstrating that there has been some extra population movement from the East after the time of the first agricultural populations
Despite the homogeneity of the Minoans and Mycenaeans, research has shown that the Mycenaeans, in contrast to the Minoans, were additionally partly originating from the ancient inhabitants of Eastern Europe and North Eurasia. This so-called “Ancient North-Euro-Asian” population is one of the ingredients of today’s Greeks, and the study shows that it has also affected the people of the Mycenaean period to a small extent.
According to the researchers, the study rejects for the first time the theory that the Mycenaeans were a population beyond the Aegean, as well as the theory that the Mycenaeans and later ancient Greeks were eliminated during the Middle Ages. In addition, it demonstrates the historical continuity of the inhabitants of Greece from the time of the first farmers to the present day. However, it has to be stressed that the findings show that there was admixture with both northern and eastern populations and how the impurities took place both before and after the Minoan and Mycenaean times.