The oldest settlement in Cyprus is the Neolithic village of Ayios Tychonas – Klimonas, which is more than 20 centuries older than that of Choirokitia. The excavations brought to light 20 residences and tools that are the oldest indicator of agricultural activity all over the world.
According to a report by French archaeologists conducting surveys in the region, this year the remains of at least 20 circular buildings, 3 to 6 meters in diameter, have been discovered. The buildings were erected on small terraces on a small slope facing the sea.
The houses were built with soil and wooden stakes, and in the centre, the outbreak, there was usually a 30-50 kilogram millstone. At the centre of the settlement there appears to have been one larger, public building, 10 meters in diameter, excavated between 2011 and 2012. This building was built around 11,200 and 10,600 years ago.
A large number of stone tools, stone vases, beads and other jewelry made of stone and shingles were also found in the settlement. The animal remains reveal that the inhabitants of this village maintained domesticated animals, such as dogs and cats, while they hunted small Cypriot boars and birds. As for the daily routine of the inhabitants, it is believed to have been similar to the life of the Early Byzantine settlements of the Middle East.