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It is hard to imagine that Troodos forest top is a global geological prototype and provides important information for understanding the evolution of the oceans and our planet in general.

The birth of Cyprus actually begins with the emergence of the Troodos Mountains from the bottom of the sea millions of years ago. Its present position is due, inter alia, to the collision of the African lithospheric plate with the European, as well as the sinking of the first under the second.

According to a new scientific study, the seabed of the Eastern Mediterranean (Cyprus, Crete and Egypt) contains the world’s oldest oceanic crust, up to 340 million years old.


Troodos Mountains are, geologically, a clump of rocks, a remnant of the ocean floor and the underlying upper mantle that comprises the oceanic crust that, when emerging from the seabed, carried them along with it. These rocks can be found mainly in the two highest mountain peaks of Troodos, Mount Olympus and Madaris, but also in Troodos Geopark.

Troodos is a major oceanic crust research area worldwide, as it provides scholars, researchers and scientists from many international universities and institutes with the opportunity to study the fully preserved and integrated ocean crust. This phenomenon, in addition to Troodos, is found in the Alps and the Himalayas, but unfortunately in shattered form making the study very difficult. Instead of drilling six kilometers below sea level, a trip to Olympus and Madari is enough for scientists to gather all the information they need.

Troodos can be a major core of science, economics and culture with multiple benefits to the place, as the raw material exists. By creating a global center for research and study, conducting courses and seminars of all levels, attracting scientific tourism, developing the surrounding areas with infrastructures that can support the above activities, we can make Cyprus a global scientific and research center.





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